To Do or Not To Do [OR Whose List Is This Anyway?] Exodus 20:1-17 and John 2:13-22
Pastor Caitlin Trussell with Augustana Lutheran Church on March 8, 2015
[sermon begins after these two Bible readings]
Exodus 20:1-17 Then God spoke all these words: 2 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery; 3 you shall have no other gods before me. 4 You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5 You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, 6 but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments. 7 You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not acquit anyone who misuses his name. 8 Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work. 10 But the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God; you shall not do any work–you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. 11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it. 12 Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. 13 You shall not murder. 14 You shall not commit adultery. 15 You shall not steal. 16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. 17 You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.
John 2:13-22 The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 In the temple he found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables. 15 Making a whip of cords, he drove all of them out of the temple, both the sheep and the cattle. He also poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. 16 He told those who were selling the doves, “Take these things out of here! Stop making my Father’s house a marketplace!” 17 His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will consume me.” 18 The Jews then said to him, “What sign can you show us for doing this?” 19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” 20 The Jews then said, “This temple has been under construction for forty-six years, and will you raise it up in three days?” 21 But he was speaking of the temple of his body. 22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this; and they believed the scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken.
I was early to the Worship Committee meeting this past Tuesday evening. A couple other people were already there. Typical of pre-meeting conversations, we meandered through each other’s lives, getting updates on home and work until stumbling into a conversation about calendars. I was feeling thankful for having a cloud version on what I like to call my not-so-smart-phone. If I need to put something on the calendar, it’s right there with me. This morphed into a virtues of electronic and paper calendars and then moved into the various ways we keep to-do lists. One of us is all-electronic, one is all-paper, and one a hybrid of the two.
This conversation has me thinking about why we make lists at all. In my world, there is one continuous list that I simply add to over time. Things get marked off as done and added on to be done. People get contacted, visits get made, articles get written, meetings get scheduled, and errands get run. Lists are practical. Things need to get done. And lists are emotional. People need to be remembered.
One of the all-time classic lists is The Ten Commandments. Like many of our own lists, The Ten Commandments reflect something already in play long before the list itself was put together. Different than our own lists, though, these are not 10 new things given to the people of Israel as if they have never heard them before or done them before. Rather, they are a list of convenience. The Ten Commandments are practical. A way to make the law handy to remember it. And The Ten Commandments are emotional. These people in the desert need to remember God and for God to remember them.
Here’s where things get murky. Remembering the list somehow turns into memorializing the list. And memorializing the list cements it into a to-do list. Not just any old to-list, but one given to us from an unpredictable, high-maintenance God. And when we turn it into that kind of to-do list, the list turns on us. Pretty soon, the list becomes more than a handy reminder. The list itself becomes the very kind of idol we are warned about in the list. Ironic.
For a little help, let’s back up to Genesis, the first book in the Bible just before Exodus. In the very first chapter of the creation story in Genesis, the very first command is given in the pre-sin Garden. Law was not an original idea first conceived for The Ten Commandments. Law came before those commandments. Furthermore, The Ten Commandments are listed again with a slight variation a few books later in the Bible in Deuteronomy. Terence Fretheim argues that The Ten Commandments seem “to require adaptation in view of new times and places.”
The quick summary in list form?
1) Law came before The Ten Commandments in Exodus.
2) The Ten Commandments started changing after they were written in Exodus.
Why does any of this matter? It matters because we are in the 21st century trying to be faithful Christians alongside people from all walks of life, some of whom are fellow Christians. And The Ten Commandments turn into an occasion of sin against God and neighbor as if their use keeps the high-maintenance God-of-our-imagination happy. We sorely miss the point when we beat each other up using the Ten Commandments or, for that matter, beat each other up using Jesus or a bad decision or socio-political differences or religious commitments.
One way to keep The Ten Commandments in perspective is to see the larger story. Two weeks ago, we were regaled with the covenant God made with Noah; last week, we heard about God’s covenant with Abraham; and this week we are treated to epic Moses moment of God’s covenant with the Israelites. Each covenant God makes builds upon and includes the covenant that came before. Do we ever once hear from God, “Okay, scratch that covenant, let’s make a new one that erases the old one.” No, we don’t. In fact, we hear reminders from God: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.” This history, these relationships, are an important part of each covenant God makes. Not erasing the past and people. Rather expanding to make room for the people here now. With each new covenant, God ups the ante
Look at our Gospel reading from John today. Look closely at it. Who gets booted from the temple? “Both the sheep and the cattle.” That’s it. “The sheep and the cattle.” The domesticated animals get booted. Left in the temple are the undomesticated Jesus and the people. This is no accident in the Gospel of John. The sacrificial system is disrupted with the sending of the animals. Jesus is the disrupter, anticipating the time when his death and resurrection would expand God’s covenant through Abraham and Moses to all people. A covenant atoning for us today through the crucified and risen one. One more time, God ups the ante again, this time with God’s very self in the person of Jesus. When we sing in worship about the “Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world”, this is who we’re singing about. The one who lets the sheep and cattle live another day, is also the one who gives us life through his very death.
Just a moment ago, I talked about The Ten Commandments being turned into an occasion of sin for us when we imagine a high-maintenance God that we’re making happy with us by following the commandments as God’s to-do list. Here’s the twist. WE are the high-maintenance ones. To paraphrase an old movie – we’re the worst kind; we’re high maintenance but we think we’re low maintenance. God comes through time and again, with covenant after covenant. The Ten Commandments is a short-hand list about loving our God more and loving other people more. Really, God?! We need to be reminded to stay faithful to our partners? Yes. We need to be reminded to explain each other’s actions in the kindest of ways? Yes. We need to be reminded to love you, God? Yes.
People often ask me what I think God’s will is in many kinds of situations. Here’s what I know for sure. God wants us to love God and love each other. That’s our to-do list. To love God in spite our high-maintenance need to be certain and to love each other in spite of our high-maintenance need to be right.
The first words in the reading from Exodus today are words of redemption… “I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.” 
God’s to-do list? To be your God.
To be your God in spite of all the ways you run away, hide from, ignore, and make fun of God.
To be your God by slipping into skin and disrupting the status quo through loving and healing you.
To be your God by dying because all of that loving and healing threatens your own to-do lists.
To be your God by living again and living in you.
 Terence Fretheim. Commentary: Exodus 20:1-17 for March 8, 2015 at WorkingPreacher.org
 Genesis 1:28 “Be fruitful and multiply…”
 Deuteronomy 5:6-21. More from Fretheim: Verse 21 – “(W)ife is exchanged with house and given her own commandment, perhaps reflecting a changing role for women in that culture.”
 Craig R. Koester. Symbolism in the Fourth Gospel: Meaning, Mystery, Community. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1995), 84.
 When Harry Met Sally (1989). Quotes from the movie: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0098635/quotes
 Exodus 20:2 – More from Fretheim: “God’s own introduction to these words is important for an appropriate understanding: “I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.” The Ten Commandments are not a law code, a body of laws that are meant to float free of their narrative context. This introductory line [is] about redemption…”